Follow the Drinking Gourd (the Underground Railroad for kids)

Tuesday, February 26, 2013

This is a home that belonged to slaves who found freedom in Ancaster, Ontario.  We visited the site as part of our study (more below).

This study was taken from Five in a Row, Volume 2.  I added my own ideas and expanded on what was offered in the Unit Study, but I wanted to reference Five in a Row as the program was a launching pad for so many wonderful ideas.

Follow the Drinking Gourd tells the story of Peg-leg Joe who would travel to various plantations during the time of slavery in the southern states.  He would sing the song "Follow the Drinking Gourd" and teach the slaves how, by following the lyrics in his song, they could find freedom. 

 Understanding the Underground Railroad

We spent some time just sitting and talking about what the Underground Railroad was.  This meant we started with slavery and the slave trade.  We discussed the time period this all took place and what it meant for our African brothers and sisters.  We discussed what it means to be a slave and what life was like for slaves in the Southern USA.  This included covering ideas like plantations, racism, and injustice.  

Picture books really help children understand a concept and I used many to springboard off of for our discussions.  I listed them in the read-aloud section below.

We spent a lot of time singing "Follow the Drinking Gourd" and discussing the symbolism in Spirituals sung by slaves.  


The kids found is fascinating that the entire song was a secret message telling the slaves how to escape their masters.  We took every line of the song and attempted to memorize it.

We also discussed the significance of these "Spirituals" and what they meant to the African people.  We talked about "Wade in the Water" and the concept of getting in the water and wading across to avoid the blood hounds.  The kids were just amazed by this concept of coded songs.  I looked up various Spirituals and we listened to them with great enjoyment and a deep reverence. 

Many tears fell this week, friends.

Links we used:
Follow the Drinking Gourd (with illustrations and lyrics)
Follow the Drinking Gourd (sung by a choir, still shot)
Wade in the Water (Eva Cassidy)

Our daughter sang Wade in the Water all week...  made me smile. 


Mapping the Underground Railroad:

I used our Mark-able Map from Sonlight to illustrate how the slaves in Follow the Drinking Gourd escaped to freedom.  We used some online resources to learn more about free states, slave states, the Ohio river, and the routes to freedom.  

An interesting resource is this Interactive Map.

Helping the kids understand an "Analogy" and how the term "Underground Railroad" was used as code for the escape route to Canada.

Astronomy and the Night Sky

We read some great books about Astronomy and talked about the "drinking gourd" and how it was really called the Big Dipper or Ursula Major.  We also discussed the North Star and how it actually worked to lead slaves to Canada (in the North).  A couple books I highly recommend are, The Night Sky Sticker Book and The Solar System (both from Usborne).

Having fun with Constellations:

You can do many things to create Constellations.  We have used a box with a hole cut in the end and a piece of black paper punched with holes.  That works.  This time we simply used black paper and punched holes in the pattern of various Constellations.  We took the papers upstairs, dimmed the lights and shone lights behind them.  Not the most in-depth activity, but still fun!

Learning about the Solar System:

Our kids, for their age, have a fantastic understanding of our solar system.  Simon can easily name all the planets and easily and accurately remember their position from the sun.  We have read countless books about the Solar System and done models in the past.

For Christmas, I purchased a hanging model of the sun and planets.  We finally got to hanging it in the boys' room this week.  We tried hard to mimic the proper placement and distance from the sun for each planet.  This was a great activity and leaves a constant visual for the kids. 

Another idea - We used glow in the dark stars to create various constellations on the carpet then turned out the light and enjoyed the view of our own star formations!

A few more activities:

Compound Words - there are quite a few compound words in Follow the Drinking Gourd.  We identified the words in the book, then we did an activity where the kids worked through a pile of words, connecting the compound words and pasting them on the page.

How Many? The slaves had to hide for minutes, days, weeks... we matched numbers with descriptions.  

"Thankful" Scrapbooks 

Early Tuesday morning, Simon simply announced that he wanted to make a scrapbook.  I thought it sounded like a fun idea and decided to combine his prompting with our study.  We turned simple scrapbooks into "I'm thankful for..." scrapbooks.  I also encouraged the kids to pick out images that symbolized 'beauty' and 'diversity' to them.  It was neat to see them create.

Copy Work - Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.'s words of wisdom

One of the things I've been focusing on lately is copy work.  This is a fundamental concept in the Charlotte Mason method and I have seen and fully believe in the benefits. We have been trying to focus on it more lately.  It's a work in progress, as always!

A Trip to Griffin House

This is not the first time we've walked the paths the Griffin House, but I knew as we studied the Underground Railroad, we just had to go back.  (I wrote about this home and shared photos last year around this time, you can see that post here.)

This home was owned by Enerals Griffin, who escaped slavery in the early 1800s and fled to Canada to build a better life for himself and his family.  Being at this home brought our study together in a beautiful way.

I can't describe the feeling I get when I touch the boards (they are ORIGINAL!) of this home and realize the ones who dwelt here traveled the very road we learned about.  When I stand on that front porch and look out on the wooded beauty which spelled FREEDOM for Mr. and Mrs. Griffin.  Beautiful.


The simple dining room, restored to what is believed to be the most accurate depiction of its original layout and style.

Real-alouds and other resources:

This book was actually suggested in the Five in a Row Vol. 2 curriculum.
I Have a Dream (top right) was a fantastic book which actually contained a good portion of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.'s speech with an audio recording of the actual day he said his famous lines.  I highly recommend studying Martin Luther King Jr. in conjunction with the Underground Railroad as he is still a symbol of bravery, courage, and standing up for what is right when it comes to discrimination.

I had to explain that Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. came many years after slavery was made illegal.  Simon quickly realized that although slavery was banned across the states in the late 1800s, the racism did not stop.  We talked together about what it means to have 'consequences' of the past and we discussed how they ripple into the present.  Timelines help quite a bit with this sort of thing as well.

I highly, highly recommend this book, January's Sparrow for older primary students (not a preschool book).  Simon (age 8) really enjoyed it and Audrey (age 6) understood most of the book and took it in very quietly as we read together.  It's a long read, but so worth it.  Beautiful story.

Great book for all ages.  When Henry (a slave) loses his family he decides to MAIL himself to freedom in Canada.  And he succeeds!

Thanks for reading!

The Homeschool Village

Having Fun with Snow

Thursday, February 21, 2013

The snow is blowing around outside our kitchen windows, it's freezing, and I'm getting tired of Winter.  If you live in a wintry wonderland, I'm sure you might be feeling the same way.  We're all longing for Spring.

Here are some activities I did with the kids last week, in an attempt to fight the Winter blues and have a little fun with snow!  Thought I'd share here in case you're looking for something to do in and around your sweet home!

Some of the activities below came from a book called, Snow Watch, by Cheryl Archer. It's a fantastic resource and I highly suggest grabbing it from your local library!


Indoor Snow Dying!

You need:
  • Snow
  • A big bowl or plastic container
  • Food coloring mixed with water (I used two drop of color with about 1/4 of water)
  • Medicine droppers, spray bottles, spoons, plastic medicine syringes
Grab a pile of snow, several trays, some droppers and let the kids have fun creating their own colors, shapes, designs, and mini snow men!  This entertained our children for quite some time...


Build a Snow Fort...

Have you ever used a bottom sheet for the top of a snow fort?  Works like a charm!

We even decided to eat lunch and read some books inside our fort.  What a fun afternoon.


 How Snow Melts - learn about insulation and molecules!

  • Grab a bowl or container for each child and fill it with snow.
  • Measure the height of the snow using a simple ruler and record the findings.
  • Wait for the snow to melt, then measure again.
  • Discuss!
What will happen?  There will be far less water than there was snow.  This is because of the air molecules that are mixed with water to create snow.  This is also what snow is an insulator, the air molecules slow down the flow of heat (or the exiting of heat!).  It's a simple experiment but the kids loved it.

Play with Water Flow

Do you have a stream or flowing water somewhere near your house?  The boys used snow to try to block and direct the flow of water coming from our drain pipe.  You could do this at a stream as well, which we've done in the winter time.  See how much snow it takes to stop the flow completely.  You can also count the length of time it takes for the water to melt through the snow.


 Make Ice Crystals!

What you'll need:
  • 1 cup of water
  • a cooking pot
  • 2 cups sugar
  • a jar (we used one jar for each child)
  • a piece of sting and a pencil

 This experiment is easy but really interesting!   First, I had each child label their own jar and create their handing string (hands from a pencil, tied in the middle).

On the stove, bring the water to a boil, then add the sugar, stir until it dissolves.  Let it cool then pour it into each jar.  Balance the pencil across the jar with the string hanging in the solution.  Now, you'll have to put the jars somewhere safe and wait a few days....

After three days?  We had our very own ice crystals!

Go on a Track Search!

Take a walk and search for animal tracks!  We had a couple of great books a few weeks back for I forgot to get images of them.  You can easily search the internet or your local library.  We were lucky to find deer tracks in a nearby park.


 Go on a "Green" Treasure Hunt

This is simple but fun.  We walked around our backyard searching for signs of green!  Look for grass poking up, small streams where snow has melted, and maybe even dig down into the snow to reveal rocks and moss!  Encourage the kids to really notice the smell of the grass and the damp, limp feeling of the green plant life that has been damp for so many months!

Enjoy a Family Hike

There's nothing like breathing in the crisp, cool air on a wintry walk.  We love taking the kids to all the local waterfalls and streams in Winter.  Kids love to throw rocks and sticks at the ice and just explore nature in a different time of year.  If you can experience it, there is nothing quite like a huge, roaring waterfall completely frozen over.  Beautiful!

Little adventurers...         

Enjoy today, friends, and stay warm!


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